Audie L. Murphy
January 26, 2018 Mental Health Depression

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Audie L. Murphy
mental health depression
Audie Leon Murphy (June 20, 1924 – May 28, 1971), was the United States’ most decorated combat soldier of World War II. He later became an actor and singer/songwriter.

Among his thirty three awards and decorations was the Medal of Honor, the highest military award for bravery that can be given to any individual in the United States of America, for "conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty." Murphy received every decoration for valor that the U.S. had to offer, some of them more than once, and five decorations by France and Belgium. He served three years active service as a combat soldier in World War II. Murphy was released from the Army as an active member and reassigned to inactive status on September 21, 1945.

Audie Murphy and his wife, Pamela Archer.Audie Murphy was the son of poor Texas sharecroppers, Emmett and Josie Bell Murphy. He was born near Kingston, Texas (Hunt County). He grew up in nearby Celeste, Texas (Hunt County). He went to school in Celeste until the eighth grade when he dropped out to help raise his family. He also lived in the rural area of Farmersville and later at Greenville, Texas. Murphy was the sixth of twelve children, only nine of whom survived to see their eighteenth birthday. Food was scarce and the Murphy family was very poor. Before his ninth birthday, he had become a decent shot, hunting rabbits and squirrels to help put food on the table. Sometimes he could only afford a single shell in his rifle to supply meat for his family of nine brothers and sisters. He became a very good shot, a skill which served him well later in life. In 1936, when Murphy was twelve, his father Emmett Murphy, deserted the family and never returned. At twelve, Murphy left school and was hired out as a farmer’s helper, ploughing and picking cotton at a dollar a day to help make ends meet. He also went to work in a combination general store, garage and filling station in Greenville, Texas. At sixteen, Audie was working in a radio repair shop when tragedy struck again. He became an orphan when his mother, Josie Bell, died. He had to place the three youngest siblings in an orphanage according to his mother’s last wish.

Audie Murphy fought in World War II with such courage that he received every decoration for valor that the United States had to offer, plus another five decorations that were presented to him by Belgium and France. He was the most decorated U.S. soldier during WWII. Part of Murphy’s appeal to many people was that he hardly fit the "image" of a war hero. He was a slight, somewhat skinny, shy and soft-spoken young man, with a boyish appearance (something he never lost throughout his life). Beginning his service as an Army Private, Murphy quickly rose to the enlisted rank of Staff Sergeant, was given a battlefield commission as Second Lieutenant, and company commander. He was promoted to Second Lieutenant prior to receiving his Medal of Honor. Murphy was credited with killing over 240 of the enemy while wounding and capturing many others. Murphy became a legend within the Third Infantry Division for his heroism. He was wounded three times and awarded the Purple Heart with Second Oak Leaf Cluster. Murphy served the rest of the war as a liaison officer and then returned to Texas after the war. After Murphy’s discharge from the service, he went back to Texas to be welcomed to parades, banquets and speeches. He even had his photo hung at the Texas State Capitol in Austin, Texas.

Murphy sufferred from Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). His first wife, Wanda Hendrix often talked of his struggle with his condition, claiming he had at one time held her at gun point. He was plagued by insomnia and depression. During the mid-1960s he became dependent for a time on doctor prescribed sleeping pills called Placidyl. When he recognized that he had become addicted to this prescription drug, he locked himself in a motel room. He stopped taking the sleeping pills and went through withdrawal symptoms for a week. Always an advocate for the needs of veterans, he broke the taboo about discussing war related mental problems after this experience. In a effort to draw attention to the problems of returning Korean and Vietnam War veterans, Audie Murphy spoke-out candidly about his personal problems with PTSD, then known as "Battle fatigue". He publicly called for United States government to give more consideration and study to the emotional impact war has on veterans and to extend health care benefits to address PTSD and other mental health problems of returning war veterans.

Actor James Cagney invited Murphy to Hollywood in September 1945, when he saw Murphy’s photo on the cover of Life Magazine on July 16, 1945. The next couple of years in California were hard times for Murphy. He became disillusioned from lack of work. He was broke and slept on the gymnasium floor of his friend, Terry Hunt. He finally received token acting parts in his first two films, Beyond Glory and Texas, Brooklyn and Heaven but his roles were very minor in these movies. Murphy’s third movie, Bad Boy, was Murphy’s first starring role.

Murphy’s 1949 autobiography "To Hell and Back" became a national bestseller. The 1955 film, of the same name was based on his book. The film grossed almost ten million dollars during its initial theatrical release, and, at the time, became Universal’s biggest hit movie in the 43-year history of the studio. It held the record as Universal’s highest-grossing motion picture until 1975, when it was surpassed by Steven Spielberg’s Jaws. This film would not be released until October, 1955, but Universal believed the movie would be a big hit, so the studio gave Murphy latitude in choosing roles as long as they required a lot of action.
For his contribution to the motion picture industry, Audie Murphy has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1601 Vine Street. In the twenty five years that Murphy spent in Hollywood, he made a total of forty four feature films.

In addition to acting in motion pictures, Murphy also became successful as a country music songwriter. While on a business trip on May 28, 1971, (Memorial Day Weekend) he was killed at the age of 46. His private plane was flying in fog and rain. It crashed on the side of Brush Mountain near Catawba, Virginia, some twenty miles west of Roanoke, Virginia. Five others including the pilot were also killed.

On June 7, 1971, Audie Murphy was buried with full military honors in Arlington National Cemetery. His gravesite, near the Amphitheater, is second most visited gravesite year round. President John F. Kennedy’s grave is the most visited. At Arlington Cemetery, the tombstones of Medal of Honor winners are normally decorated in gold leaf, but Murphy had requested that his tombstone remained plain and inconspicous
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Trivia about Audie Murphy

Murphy’s height was 5’5".

Had only one buttock. Lost in battle.

Was the orginial choice to play the Scorpio Killer in Dirty Harry.

Had horrible nightmares and slept with a gun under his pillow.

Purchased a Middle Eastern oil field in the 60’s which was blown up during the Six Day War, causing him to file for bankruptcy.

His highest grossing film was To Hell and Back (film).

Would often say he had "no talent."

His films earned him close to 3 million dollars in 23 years as an actor.

Ironically, former WWII General and President Dwight Eisenhower did not enjoy Murphy’s films saying his fight scenes were unbelievable due to his small stature.

Depression vs Oppression . WDC . 20apr06
mental health depression
Depressed Again? . Billboard Displays . WMATA . Green line en route to Waterfront Station from Gallery Place . WDC . Thursday evening, 20 April 2006
_____________________
DEPRESSION vs OPPRESSION

I could not happen upon this sign at a more poignant time. Though I travel the subway several times a day I had not ever observed it before. That is not to say that they have not been posted, just it had not caught my attention.

On the Thursday evening, 20 April 2006, and just moments after I had written ‘Depression vs Oppression’ in my note pad, as a result of a promo that I had heard yesterday morning during morning news and in response to several people who had followed me to the subway from eating at Old Siam. In particular a woman of mixed race, a white woman and and white man in a cowboy hat through hand gestures and body languages would police, oversee and follow me on the platform at Eastern Market.

Moments before I had dined at Old Siam and whe nI would take pictures and jot down notes at the restaurant similar behaviors and reactions by others would occur as they had the night before when I dined at the Italian Kitchen, on 17th Street.

Depression vs Oppression. There are many contributing factors for these behaviors and reactions from and by others toward me. None which anything to do with depression nor my mental health, and every thing to do racsim.

So, if I were to turn around and confront these individuals, as I often, they and others would ignore the fact that my reaction to them is quite normal. But their behaviors and actions are not.

There are many factors contributing to these scenarios. Most of which are connected to racsim.

Some years back, in 1992 or so, I’d author a power poem entitled "Depression vs Oppression" that spoke to the fact the meticak community, society, law enforcement, folks in general, have a nasty little of misdiagnosing and misrepresenbting about black men. And as a result but all to their benefit the infrastructure and psyhe in America is create disorders, lies and industries based on the negation of black men. And, as a result, much of what you read about, like much what is diagnosed for and spoken about black men are deliberate attempts to feed this racism.

Depression vs Oprression.

On Thursday morning, while working on the computer I heard a promo pertaining a later report suggesting that blacks and minorties do not receive the same care for depression and further more, that blacks and minorities are more likely to be misdiagnosed and/or mismedicated for depression.

Reflecting on a series of poems from Blackout Anthology that spoke on these issues pertaining to the fact that as a black male I have misdignosed, mistreated and misrepresented in every possibve way and though the truth was plain to see what had begun the mission of all was to misdiagnose and discriminate.

My photography shows charcter and defiance. Power, and absolute confidence not only my photogaraphy but in myself. And without, my writings exposes the unspoken truths.

My approach to me on the subway, in catering, on trains anywhere that I ever is defiance of thbe racsim that has herald down upon. And when I take pictures or go to work in catering or travel white friends, it the mission of these people to run around behind and discriminate, lie and misrepresent the truth.

I would telephone Richard and remind him, that once again the media and medical communities are perpetrating lies about black men. I would remind him of my experiences, as a baclk man, on the issue of drugs and addiction.

Like addiction and so many things that white manipulate, ‘not my problem.

I take drug and addiction for example. While my counterpart may run rampart through streets on drugs and behaving addictively, if you believed the lies and government and newspaper articles that black men are drug addicts and drug dealers. I said black folks have jumped on banned wagon by pscyhologiclly negating black men. Which explains the house negroes and the white people were running around lieing about me.

DEPRESSION vs OPPRESSION. White folks will create industries to rationalize their racism.

I told my neice ‘you can not believe what white folks, the government which include house negros say about black men.

It is an industry. And industry that pawns black men.

Whenever a white person, a government agent which include house negros speak about men of color … it is always connected to lies.

Depression vs Oppression!

dark_is_bad? [or matches how you felt before?]
mental health depression
Goth subculture shows its dark side through self-harm and suicide rate
By Sam Lister, Health Correspondent

www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,2-2133369.html

YOUNG people who become involved with Goth culture — the punk-rock-influenced genre usually associated with black clothes, make-up and androgyny — have a much higher tendency to harm themselves deliberately, research suggests.

A study by researchers at the University of Glasgow, published today in the British Medical Journal, indicates that almost half of teenagers who identify with the Goth subculture have attempted suicide or otherwise tried to hurt themselves. Even after accounting for factors such as social class, parental separation, smoking, alcohol use or previous depression, the team found that Goth identification remained the single strongest predictor of self-harm or attempted suicide.

The researchers surveyed 1,258 young people during their final year of primary school and again at ages 13, 15 and 19. They were asked about self-harm and association with a variety of youth subcultures, including Goth. It was found that being a Goth was strongly associated with a lifetime prevalence of self-harm (53 per cent) and attempted suicide (47 per cent).

Although 19th-century literature and horror film subject matter, such as vampires, are strong “Gothic” influences, the Goth movement became prominent during the early 1980s within the Gothic rock scene, an offshoot of the post-punk era. It is associated with characteristically Gothic tastes in music and clothing, ranging from lavish and androgynous Renaissance and Victorian dress to the black clothing, make-up and hair associated with contemporary popstars such as Marilyn Manson.

Research suggests that deliberate self-harm is common among young people, with rates of between 7 and 14 per cent in Britain. It is particularly widespread in certain populations and may be linked to depression, attempted suicide and various psychiatric disorders in later life.

The contemporary Goth youth subculture has previously been linked with self-harm, but until now there has been little supporting evidence. The Glasgow team analysed rates of self-harm among 14 other common youth subcultures. Some — such as punk and mosher — were also linked with self-harm, but the association was strongest for Goths.

Robert Young, the research leader, said that although fairly small numbers identified with the subculture, rates of self-harm and attempted suicide were high among the group. He said: “One common suggestion is that they may be copying subcultural icons or peers. But since our study found that more reported self-harm before, rather than after, becoming a Goth, this suggests that young people with a tendency to self-harm are attracted to the Goth subculture.”

Mr Young added that it was possible that being a Goth could provide young people with valuable social and emotional support from their peers, rather posing a risk to them. Michael van Beinum, a consultant child and adolescent psychiatrist and an adviser to the study, said: “For some young people with mental health problems, a Goth subculture may be attractive, as it may allow them to find a community within which it may be easier for their distress to be understood.

“Social support is important for all young people to help them to cope with the difficulties they face. Therefore, finding a peer group of like-minded Goths may, for some, be adaptive.”

# The suicide rate in England is at its lowest level since record-keeping began in 1910, statistics indicate. Figures published by the National Suicide Prevention Strategy indicate that for the years 2002, 2003 and 2004, there were 8.56 suicides per 100,000 people — a figure that the Government wants to reduce to 7.3 deaths per 100,000 for the period 2009, 2010 and 2011.

CULTURAL ROOTS

# Many Goths regard themselves as being at odds with mainstream culture because of a dissatisfaction with society and a wish to be different, or they have a particula

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